Search This Website

Monday, 28 December 2020

Information about some common diseases of importance

 Information about some common diseases of importance

Infectious diseases are disorders caused by organisms - such as bacteria, viruses, fungi or parasites. Many organisms live in and around our body. They are usually harmless or helpful. But under certain conditions, some organisms may have the disease.

Some infectious diseases can be passed from one person to another. Some are transmitted by insects or other animals. And you can get others by consuming contaminated food or water or by coming in contact with organisms in the environment.


Symptoms and signs vary depending on the organism causing the infection, but often include fever and fatigue. Mild infections can respond to relief and home remedies, while some life-threatening infections may require hospitalization.

Many infectious diseases, such as measles and chickenpox, can be prevented by vaccination. Frequent and thorough hand washing also helps protect you from most infectious diseases.

Any physical or functional change that occurs under normal circumstances that causes discomfort or impossibility or disrupts the health of a living organism is called a disease. Alternatively, poor functioning of the body or parts of the body with certain symptoms is called disease. According to the Oxford English Dictionary, the position of certain parts of the body that interfere with or hinder their functions. Diseases are mainly classified into two types which should be as under:

Infectious diseases:

Infectious diseases spread easily from one person to another. Infectious diseases are caused by deadly pathogens such as viruses, bacteria, fungi, parasites and worms AIDS.

Non-communicable diseases:

Non-communicable diseases only develop in individuals and the person remains limited. Do not spread to any other person. Cancer is a non-communicable disease, caused by uncontrolled growth of endogenous tissue in the body which can lead to death.

Some important common pathogens: Typhoid is a common bacterial disease. Which is caused by rod-like bacteria Salmonella typhi. These bacteria are found in the diseased condition in human intestines. The disease is common in children aged 1-15 years. About 2.5 million people suffer from this disease every year. How is typhoid spread? Tell us

The disease is spread by contaminated water and food from patients' stools. This pathogen is carried by feces, food, milk and water by housefull. Pathogens enter the body through the mouth and reach the intestines. From where it reaches other organs through blood. Due to lesions in the intestinal wall. The incubation period of bacteria is 1-3 weeks. 2 weeks on average.

Symptoms of typhoid ::

Common symptoms include high fever in the first and second weeks, and a gradual decrease in the third and fourth weeks. Headache, extreme weakness, abdominal pain, constipation as well as inflammation of the rectum and intestines. The liver and spleen are enlarged. Typhoid is determined by the Vidal test. Antibiotic treatment can be taken.


Pneumonia ::

In humans it is caused by bacteria such as Streptococcus pneumoniae and Haemophilus influenzae. Streptococcus pneumoniae is commonly called pneumococcus. Pneumonia is a serious disease of the respiratory system. Fluid accumulates in the airways and trachea. As a result, the lungs do not get enough oxygen to survive.

How is pneumonia spread? Tell us

The disease is spread through the saliva of the patient. Pneumococci get trapped in the airways and become obstructed. Inflammation occurs in the alveolar wall, secreting a protein-containing fluid that acts as a breeding ground for bacteria and blocks the airways. The incubation period is only 1 to 3 days. Pneumonia is more common in the elderly.

Symptoms of pneumonia ::

The disease is followed by fever, shortness of breath, cough and headache, in some cases the lips and nails turn from gray to blue. Pneumonia is often caused by inadequate nutrition, alcohol or drug poisoning, or infection with other illnesses such as influenza. Sputum logs.

Important link ::


Winter ::

It is one of the most important infectious diseases in humans. It is caused by rhinovirus. The virus infects the nose and respiratory tract. But cannot connect to the lungs.

How does cold spread? Tell us ::

A healthy person can be infected by sneezing, coughing or using an infected person's pen, books, cups, computer keyboard, mouse, etc.

Cold Signs (Symptoms)::

Cold Symptoms:

Common cold symptoms include nasal congestion, sore throat, overeating, cough, headache, fatigue, etc. It lasts for at least 3-3 days.

No comments:

Post a Comment

Note: only a member of this blog may post a comment.